Bishops declare South Sudan war immoral!

Bishop Graham, Bishop Hilary, Archdeacon and Dean of Malakal. (Photo by Graham Kings)

Bishop Graham, Bishop Hilary, Archdeacon and Dean of Malakal. (Photo by Graham Kings)

September 29th, 2014 (Juba)– The Roman Catholic Church declared on Friday that the civil war in South Sudan is ‘evil’ and ‘immoral,’ saying that large-scale ethnic killing has created a cycle of fear and revenge, with perceptions that one tribe or another “deserves to rule.”

South Sudan’s Conference of Catholic Bishops concluded a three-day meeting in Juba on Friday, attended by bishops and other leaders of the Church, including the visiting Archbishop Charles Daniel Balvo, the envoy of the Pope, who heads the Roman Catholic Church.

A declaration signed by the bishops was read to the press on Friday by Archbishop Paulino Lokudu.

“We the Catholic Bishops of South Sudan… solemnly declare that the current war in South Sudan is evil, as we have said in previous messages,” reads the declaration.

“There is no moral justification for any further killing. We can accept no excuses nor conditions from any party or individual for continuation of the war. The fighting and killing must stop immediately and unconditionally. Political and other grievances must indeed be addressed, but only when the fighting is stopped,” it says.

“These issues are on the table in Ethiopia, and will be addressed in the political process. We declare before God that it is evil for any party to continue violence to try to further their political agenda.”

Atrocities

The bishops added that the war has “once again reinforced the culture of violence with which he have lived so many decades…,” adding, “human rights are still under threat, including freedom of speech. …. it has created a humanitarian tragedy, thousands have been killed and hundreds of thousands displaced.”

“Our traumatized population has been re-traumatized by atrocities,” the statement says. “Once again we declare this war immoral, and we demand an immediate end to all hostilities so that these humanitarian concerns can be addressed.”

Rise of tribalism

The bishops stated, “We call attention to the rise of tribalism as a result of the conflict. Traditionally, the peoples of South Sudan do not hate each other… Large scale ethnic killing has created a cycle of fear, hatred and revenge.”

“Our politics is become ethnic with perceptions from various communities that one tribe or other is favored, or that one tribe or another is underrepresented, or even that one tribe or another deserves to rule.”

“We condemn tribalism and repeat our earlier call for ‘one people’ from every tribe, tongue and nationality. We are South Sudanese and we call for the creation of a national identity which builds on but transcends our tribal roots and heritage.”

The bishops concluded their declaration by quoting from a Biblical prophesy that all weapons will one day be destroyed.

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Analysis on Genesis of Lakes State Crisis in South Sudan! (Part 1)

By Peter Gai Manyuon

Peter Gai Manyuon (File photo)

Peter Gai Manyuon (File photo)

September 28th, 2014 -Lakes State Comprises of eight Counties and most of them are for Dinka tribes but different sub-clans perceptions are too different with each others in the state. There has been cattle raiding, revenge killings in various parts of State. Lakes state is where most cycle of revenge and cattle raiding remain since CPA was signed in 2005 between Republic of Sudan and the former rebel the Sudan People Liberation Army /Movement (SPLA/M) which was lead at first by Late Dr John Garang De Mabior before he crashed in a terrible accident that need proper investigation in the nearer future.
The genesis of crisis of lakes state is within the politicians who adopted the new civilization of divide and rule policy, which comprises of corruption, hatred and sectarianism among the people. Many senior politicians in Lakes state have nothing to do but their main aim is to dismantle the unity of the communities in the state and as well participating in confusing the community to acts negatively by inciting communal violence that has so far reduced the State population.
The ideology of hatred was introduced due to too much poverty and illiteracy in most of the African Countries where South Sudan is number one and Lakes State, have taken the lead in committing crimes that will one day take most of the politicians of Lakes to jail one day one time.
Hence, the ongoing crimes being committed by the government of South Sudan on the Lakes state Communities population has taken the image of the Republic of South Sudan to be level as the failed state in the world context. Everyone knows that, Lakes State comprises of different categories of sub-clans within the Dinka tribe and their language and culture is the same but they are having different ideological problems that emanated from the ancestors, crocks politicians and the incumbent Military Governor who is imposing illiterate ideas to the entire masses and people are not willing to work with him in the state.
Besides, Lakes state problem became worse and worse beginning from the time of John Lat who was the Governor of Lakes after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed in Naivasha Kenya in 2005. John Lat was former Chief of Military Intelligence as well participated in confusion of the community by that time. As times goes on and on, John Lat was removed and the former Deputy Speaker Comrade Daniel Awet Akot was appointed as the Caretaker Governor of the State before the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan in 2011.
Many people know that Awet Akot was a tribal leader in South Sudan context. When he (Wet) was in Rumbek as the Governor, problems came to exists in different kind of levels within the State government; sub clans and the entire State become volatile. There was killings that emerged from (Gok of Chueibet, Agaar of Rumbek and subsequently Atut of Yirol) respectively during the regime of Comrade Daniel. After he (Awet) was sacks from the position he was elected as the Deputy Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly where he deputized James Wani Igga the South Sudanese Comedian and the current Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan. More so, during the time of Wani and Awet in the National Parliament, nothing moves well for the last eight years but what they achieved was serious scandals of resources in the Parliament and preaching about hatred within the Assembly. I witnessed in one of the session in the Assembly when I was a Senior Reporter of the Citizen Television (CTV) in 2012 before I resigned to go for further studies.
In reality ,everyone is aware that the former Deputy Speaker of South Sudan’s parliament, the National Legislative Assembly and Chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) in Lakes State is among the people behind the crisis of the Lakes State Communities. His lack of good public Relations caused hatred among the same community of Dinka in Lakes up to date. People of Lakes state cannot fight among themselves if there is no root causes of the genesis of the scene. The problem is within the opinion leaders of the Lakes State especially the paramount Chiefs, politicians, senior officers within the Sudan People Liberation Army and the President of the Republic of South Sudan for bringing in illiterate and dictator to the people of the state. How can illiterate leader bring peaceful co-existence in the society?
Briefly, Daniel Awet Akot, famously failed in his attempt to be the SPLM’s candidate for Governor of Lakes state in the 2010 general elections, he was defeated due to his tribal agenda and hatred he exerted/ imposed on the community.
Awet’s opponents claim that he was behind the decision of South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir to remove the elected Governor of Lakes state, Chol Tong Mayay, in January 2013 which to me is absolute and a factual.
By then people where asking themselves whether the problem of Lakes state was the issue of Awet Akot being the governor or it is the gene within the people of State that caused hatred among the clans and Communities. Some people justify up to now that, the serious violation of human rights that are going on in Lakes state is the influence of Daniel Awet, John Lat, Marial Benjamin, Mayom Akech, Telar Ring Deng and the current Military Governor Matur.
Lakes state’s democratically elected Governor Chol Tong Mayay was removed from power by President Salva Kiir under his constitutional powers that allow him to replace governors for reasons of national and internal security.
An election should have been held within three months, according to South Sudan’s transitional constitution but no elections are planned until the 2015 general elections but nothing was implemented and up to date there is mess, revenge killings going on in the state and the reason is that, most of the Community of Lakes want Engineer Chol Toang Mayay back in to leadership. But am not sure whether miracle can happen for re-appointment of Chol Toang or not?
Absolutely, Lakes state problem is being designed by crocks of politicians who lack what to do in the Republic of South Sudan rather they are advocating for revenge killings and preaching politics of hatred among the same communities.
To be continue………………..
The author is Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan, he can be contact on http://www.independentjournalistpgm.wordpress.com or independentjournalistpgm@gmail.com

Undermining South Sudanese expertise’s is Ironical!

By Peter Gai Manyuon

Peter Gai Manyuon, Independent Journalist (file photo 2014)

Peter Gai Manyuon, Independent Journalist (file photo 2014)

September18th, 2014  -The recent order from the Ministry of Labor and Public Service in the Republic of South Sudan that was issued on 16th of September 2014 is absolute enough, appropriate and welcoming by the entire South Sudanese globally unless those who lack intellectual dynamism in them can disputes the Ministerial order.
Comprehensively, South Sudan as the Newest Nation in Africa has become an employment ground for all the people who came from Asia, Europe, America, India and different African Countries for the last Ten years. Most of the professionals South Sudanese who studied abroad have been pushed out from jobs due to what some people called lack of professionalism within nationals, which is not appropriate.
Hence, the ideology of under-estimating the literacy among the South Sudanese who have studied in different parts of the World is an abuse/insult of the citizen rights and obligation in the newest nation.
Absolutely, since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that was signed on the 9th of January 2005, there have been a good numbers of foreigners who have dominated jobs opportunities in the Southern Sudan by then and subsequently until the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan which was declare on the 9th of July 2011.
Sixty percent (60%) of the employees in the new Republic are foreigners who claimed of having skills in different disciplines. Where will you find in the whole world the number of foreigners is beyond the nationals in workplace? Is South Sudan a country of global people or for South Sudanese who have suffered for twenty one years during civil war? Realistically, did Uganda, Kenya and other part of the world help in contributing human beings to fight dictatorial regime of the North Sudan during the civil war? Is it wrong if South Sudanese Nationals are considers first at the jobs opportunities in South Sudan? Is South Sudan a Country for all East African Community or a Country which has inhabitants?
However, the number of expatriates that came to South Sudan after Independence have increased greatly due to what the World Bank estimate in their research where they mentioned the number of South Sudanese who when to school as 27% which I can term as vogues and exploitation policy of research.
Truly speaking, in South Sudan there are numerous South Sudanese citizens who always graduate yearly in different parts of the World including East Africa like Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and the world at large. The numbers of graduates are thousands and thousands compare to 2005 when the Peace deal was signed. Who are you to says, South Sudanese are not experts in Education system globally? Are your senses functioning really?
Are those who are under-estimating informs upstairs about the progress of South Sudanese as per education system is concern yearly?
Moreover, this issue of saying most of South Sudanese are illiterate is one way of exploiting and this is the right time for South Sudanese to disapprove claims from those who want to still resources indirectly.
Besides, the numbers of Professors, Doctors in different disciplines in the Republic of South Sudan are beyond other countries that got Independence some years back. If you want financial Analysts, Computer wizards, Journalists, Public Relation Officers, Political Analysts, Legal Experts, Engineers and different categories of experts, the newest nation have got good percentage.
I have one hundred percent (100%) agree with the order, those who have not carry out proper research about the people who have gone to school in South Sudan should take it from me, enough is enough. Some organizations like World Bank estimate the percent in their interest. Who told you the literate South Sudanese are 27%. Well, interpretation is always full of Assumptions.
More interestingly, in South Sudan, you find a hotel is managed from the top to cleaners by Foreigners, Banks as well like Equity, Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB), Stanbic Bank and many more….are being run by foreigners who call themselves experts.
And on other hand, most of International Organizations are for foreigners in South Sudan. Is South Sudan for Kenyans, Ugandans, Ethiopians, and different categories from globe?
Keys points to notes
One of the remarkable points to note is the issue of taxes increment in all part of work place can force the foreigners from working in South Sudan, if imposes on them highly. South Sudan government should come out with the new policy to charges all foreigners with high taxes so that they leave the newest nation quickly.
Restriction of giving Visas in Diplomatic Embassies can as well reduced number of foreigners working in South Sudan. Government can reduce numbers of foreigners entering South Sudan by giving instructions to the diplomatic offices to screen and increase the visas fees to 300 dollars and as well the work permits need revision.

Author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan. He can be contact on http://www.independentjournalistpgm.wordpress.com.

Will South Sudanese Journalists be safe from Media bill signed in Juba?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

South Sudanese Journalists

South Sudanese Journalists

September 14th, 2014 – What will help professional Journalists in the Media bill that was signed on the 9th of September 2014 in Juba? Will government of South Sudan leave hunting for Journalists? Something that need observation properly!
After reading the news about Media Bill signing on Tuesday 9th of September 2014 in Juba Capital, I smiled a bit. And one of the reasons why I smiled was what was taking place since the Independence up to the time crisis culminated in the Republic of South Sudan on December 15th 2014.
Moreover, South Sudanese Journalists have been advocating  for the Media bill to be pass in the Parliament since the genesis of Southern Sudan government and subsequently Republic of South Sudan government but nothing materialize due to the fact that John Luk Jock who was the former Minister of Justice become the problem to Journalists and activists by then up to the time of current regime where Hon Makuei Lueth became the Minister of Information and Broadcasting in South Sudan , which I contextualized his coming took the whole country to mess due to his propagandists and lack of good public Relations and strategic mass communication.
In number of occasions comrade Makuei Lueth the Minister of Information and Broadcasting , Ateny Wek the Presidential spokesperson , Philip Aguer the Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) Spokesperson, Malak Ayuen the Director of Information and Public Relations within the Army and so on, have been talking nonsensical talks here and there about Journalists reporting of analyzing issues in the Country. The question is, will those different spokespersons respect Journalists rights or will still interrogates? Something that need to be look at properly by the world and different stakeholders in the newest Nation!
Hence, South Sudanese Journalists have been subjected to killings like the elimination of the Political commentator Isaiah Abraham who was killed by security agents in his resident at Gudele in Juba in 2012 December as well torturing one of Journalist Dengdit Ayok who was almost to be kill in Cairo by the group of agents instructed by Juba culprits. Realistically, where is Media freedom and expression here?
Basically, Journalists have been facing a lot of intimidation, interrogations, from Hon Makuei Lueth , Philip Aguer and the former Civil society Activist called Mr. Ateny Wek Ateny who was appointed with a decree last year which I believe shocked the world and the newest nation audiences.
Many people says, there is no press secretaries that can be appointed using a decree accept in the Republic of South Sudan where leadership is becoming a joke and eating. Something very disgraceful indeed!

After going through the sound bites of Ateny Wek Ateny Ateny where he told reporters on Tuesday that Kiir had approved the bills, which were signed into laws at 11am (local time), citing the president’s “tight schedule” as the reason for his failure to meet with journalists.
That very bite indicates lack of interest from Presidency on the signing of the Media bill in to Law.
“I know there has been some inconvenience because this (signing) should have happened in September last year, days after the parliament passed it,” he added.
However, in the global world where Media act as the watchdog, the media laws pertain to access to information, media authority and broadcasting and cooperation law.
The bills provide measures for the creation of a national, independent public service provider and the establishment of an independent body to oversee content and deal with complaints, as well protecting the right of every citizen, including journalists, to access official information.
Ideally, World must know that President Kiir Mayardit and his regime have failed totally to protect Journalists, activists and Lawyers rights.

Therefore, it is recommendable for the International Community and globe to monitor human rights violations carry on by the government of South Sudan in Juba. Truly speaking Journalists are still hiding from time to time due to the fact that, no Law that protect the practicing Journalists.
I really doubt about the bill signed in to Law, it might be a confusing document that is temporary put in place meanwhile National Security will continue eliminating Journalists and human rights defenders like Lawyers respectively.
One of the Recommendable ideas is for the Professional Journalists to stills continue addressing Legal issues and Human rights monitoring and evaluation in South Sudan no matter what might be the case in the face of dictatorial regime in Juba. It is the role of Journalists to talk on behaves of the voiceless masses that don’t know their rights and aspirations.
The author is an Independent Veteran Journalist who has written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan. He is now reachable on independentjournalistpgm@gmail.com or http://www.independentjournalistpgm.wordpress.com.

South Sudan: African Union should take a lead in the peace process!

By Peter Gai Manyuon

Map of Africa Continent

Map of Africa Continent

September 5th, 2014 -Inter-governmental Authority on development (IGAD) has been wasting time since the massacre and killings took place in Juba the Capital of South Sudan in 2013.

Since the crisis of South Sudan erupted on the 15th of December in Juba Capital 2013, many are having hopes and aspirations about IGAD role to resolve the current mess in the newest nation.

However, different interests emerged from the IGAD leaders and lead to mistrust of the mandate of the body by the world and as well by African Leaders.

Absolutely each and every one knows that IGAD countries are being run by group of dictators who do not want the peaceful resolution to the ongoing conflict in South Sudan.
The only organization that should address the African problems is African Union which is bigger than the IGAD even though Africans Countries are lead by crocks of dictators but some have sense of solving the problem more than the IGAD body which has become the American project and the East African Community/countries.

Moreover, United States of American (USA) is doing double standards prolonging to stop the South Sudan crisis because of the interest behind the scene. People might not see the interest but different analysts have dig out the interest of American people in South Sudan territory.
Interestingly at the AU inaugural meeting in Durban, the African leaders signed the “Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the AU” which came into force on 26 December 2003. The Protocol defines the PSC as “a standing decision-making organ for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts in Africa continent.

In the same meeting African Leaders said, the PSC shall be a collective security and early-warning arrangement to facilitate timely and efficient response to conflict and crisis situations in Africa.

In March 2004, the PSC adopted its Rules of Procedure and sat for its inaugural meeting one day later, thereby marking the beginning of the operation of the PSC. Indeed, two months later, the PSC was solemnly launched at the level of Heads of State and Government on 25 May 2004 respectively.
The only legitimate body to address African problems is the African Union not IGAD that has become the project of employment opportunity to some of the whites and East African leaders who act as the eyes and the hears of the Obama Administration.
The thousands of dollars that were channel by International Community to IGAD are being misuse/consumes. Very shameful!

South Sudan crisis is the man-made issue that has now turns to project of the International Community and their allies who are looking for wealth in Africa rather than settling political disputes.

Author is Independent Veteran Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human rights in South Sudan. He can be contact on independentjournalistpgm@gmail.com or http://www.independentjournalistpgm.wordpress.com

 

South Sudan: More than 30 organizations call for immediate arms embargo

Press Release

Thousands of bullets transports by the Government of South Sudan from China (Nyamilepedia Photo)

Thousands of bullets transports by the Government of South Sudan from China (Nyamilepedia Photo)

September 3th,2014 –More than 30 South Sudanese and international organizations have signed a petition that will be delivered to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) today, calling for an immediate, comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan.

The petition argues that an arms embargo is urgently needed to halt the supply of weapons to individuals and groups on all sides who have committed gross violations of human rights, war crimes and crimes against humanity and to protect civilians at grave risk.

Since the conflict erupted on 15 December, parties involved have used a range of conventional arms and military equipment to facilitate and commit acts such as extrajudicial killings, rape and other forms of sexual violence and the recruitment of child soldiers.

As well as imposing its own arms embargo, the organizations are calling on IGAD to request that the United Nations Security Council imposes a comprehensive international arms embargo on South Sudan.

The urgency of the arms embargo is underlined by events of the past month: a UN helicopter has been shot down, killings continue, including of humanitarian workers, and attempts to ensure both sides stop killing civilians have failed

For more information or to arrange an interview please contact:
Stefan Simanowitz on +44 (0)207 413 5729 stefan.simanowitz@amnesty.org or +44 20 7413 5566 email: press@amnesty.org

See our Q&A on the need for an arms embargo. South Sudan: Awash with arms http://www.amnesty.org/en/news/qa-south-sudan-nation-awash-arms-2014-08-21

Organizations that have signed the petition include:
African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies
Amnesty International
Assistance Missions for Africa
Association of Media Women in South Sudan
Charity Aid Foundation
Citizens for Peace and Justice
Clip-Poverty
Community Empowerment for Progress Organization
East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project
End Impunity Organization
Equatoria Rehabilitation and Development Association
Global Witness
Human Rights Development Organization-South Sudan
Human Rights Watch
Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust
International Centre for Policy and Conflict
Juba Civic Engagement Centre
Justice Africa
Organization for Non-violence and Development
PAX
Rally for Peace and Democracy
Save the Children
South Sudan Action Network on Small Arms
South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy
South Sudan Law Society
Soweto Community Based Organization
Seed for Democracy for South Sudan
Standard Action Liaison Focus
Support Peace Initiative Development Organization-South Sudan
The ROOTS Project
Voice for Nyala
Waging Peace